Dr. Ellen Mellow is a cardiologist and internist in New York, NY, working in the Maiden Lane Cardiology office in the Upper East Side. Dr. Mellow provides her patients with skilled, thorough medical care in the diagnosis of and treatment for various heart ailments such as vascular heart disease. Call Maiden Lane Cardiology today to ensure your heart is healthy for the coming years.
During each heartbeat, the heart’s valves open and close. When some or all of the valves do not open and close properly, blood flow through the heart and to the body is disrupted. Sometimes valves that don’t close properly leak. This condition is called “regurgitation.”
What Are the Different Kinds of Valvular Heart Disease?
Aortic valve disease a condition in which the valve between the left ventricle, the main pumping chamber of the heart and the aorta, which is the main artery to the body, doesn’t work properly. Aortic valve disease is sometimes present at birth (congenital heart disease).
Aortic valve stenosis a condition in which the opening to the aortic valve is narrowed. The narrowing does not allow the valve to open fully, obstructing blood flow from the heart into the aorta and the rest of the body.
Aortic valve regurgitation a condition in which the aortic valve doesn’t close properly, resulting in blood flowing backward into the left ventricle.
Mitral valve disease the mitral valve is located between the heart chambers (the left atrium and left ventricle). When this valve doesn’t work properly, the result is mitral valve disease. The two types of mitral valve disease are:
Mitral valve stenosis a condition where mitral valve flaps become stiff or thick, sometimes causing them to fuse together. The result is a narrowed valve opening and reduced blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle.
Mitral valve regurgitation a condition where the mitral valve flaps don’t close tightly, resulting in blood leaking backward into the left atrium of the heart. When not treated, the result is heart muscle damage. Mitral valve prolapse is the most common cause of blood leakage.