Urology Q & A
The medical team at Maiden Lane Medical offers advanced urology services for patients throughout New York, NY, including state-of-the-art treatments for acute infections and chronic disorders. The team is skilled in providing care for all sorts of urology issues, including recurrent UTIs, kidney problems and cystitis.
What issues or diseases are included in urology?
Urology focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases that affect the urinary tract, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra. Urinary tract infections or UTIs are the most common problem affecting the urinary tract, occurring when pathogens like bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra, multiplying rapidly and overcoming the body’s natural defenses to cause an infection. Without proper treatment, urinary tract infections can cause kidney dysfunction and damage. Urology also includes other issues like bladder cancer, kidney disease, structural abnormalities or congenital defects in the urinary tract, and urinary incontinence.
What is interstitial cystitis?
Interstitial cystitis is a condition that affects the bladder and causes pain and problems with urination. Although researchers aren’t sure of the exact cause of interstitial cystitis, allergies, autoimmune reactions and genetics have all been suggested as possible causes or contributing factors. Oral medications and other treatment options can help patients manage their symptoms.
What are the symptoms of urinary tract infections?
UTIs can cause a broad array of symptoms depending on where the infection is occurring and the extent of the infection. Some of the more common symptoms include:
increased urge to urinate
difficulty emptying the bladder completely
weak or intermittent urine stream
cloudy or pink urine
urine that has a foul odor
pain when urinating
pain or aching in the pelvis or low back
fever and flu-like symptoms
Some of these symptoms can occur as a result of other causes as well, and being evaluated right away is important to avoid potentially serious consequences.
How are UTIs treated?
Once a UTI has been diagnosed (usually with a urine sample, blood test or other culture), treatment typically involves the use of antibiotics. Patients must be sure to take the entire course of antibiotics, even if their symptoms appear to clear up, since taking a partial dose can cause the infection to recur. Fungal infections or infections caused by parasites or viruses will require other types of medication, including pills or creams.
What is a cystoscopy?
Cystoscopy is a minimally-invasive diagnostic procedure that uses a small scope to see inside the bladder. The scope includes a very small camera that sends images back to a monitor for viewing.